A black op is a clandestine, typically illegal, action carried about by a government agency or private organization. It will be officially denied or even blamed on another party (a false flag operation). Many of the black ops listed here were kept secret for decades, readily disproving the idea that conspiracies are only possible in Hollywood films.
1945 - The U.S. begins Operation Paperclip, an effort to recruit as many Nazi scientists and capture as much Nazi technology as possible before Russia could do the same.
1946 - The School of the Americas is founded at Fort Benning in Georgia. It is used to train right-wing American proxies in Central and South American countries brutal counter-insurgency techniques including torture, assassination, and terrorism.
1947 - Allied forces conduct a failed operation variously known as BGFIEND, OBOPUS, or VALUABLE to incite a civil war in Albania. Although the operation cost over 300 lives, it was kept as one of the most closely guarded secrets of the Cold War, with documents confirming its reality only coming to light in 2006.
1947 - Lehi, a Zionist group which split from Irgun, sends a number of letter bombs to President Truman and high-ranking White House staff. The bombs are defused by the Secret Service after a tip from British Intelligence.
1948 - Operation Gladio begins. The CIA and intelligence agencies of various allied countries organize clandestine "stay-behind" armies of anti-communist guerrillas. Over the coming decades they will perpetrate numerous terrorist attacks against communists as well as false flag attacks on civilians which they will blame on the communists.
1948 - The CIA's Special Activities Division interferes with the Italian election, buying votes, broadcasting propaganda, infiltrating and disrupting political groups, and threatening or attacking activists to keep the Italian Communist Party from winning.
1948 - Swedish diplomat Folke Bernadotte is assassinated by Zionist organization Lehi. One of the men who planne the assassination is Yitzhak Shamir, who will go on to become a prime minister of Israel.
1949 - The Central Intelligence Agency Act is passed, allowing the CIA to keep many of its organizational details and functions a secret, as well as allowing it to use confidential fiscal procedures and exempting it from many of the usual limitations on the use of federal funds.
1949 - Former Secretary of Defense James Forrestal dies after falling from a 16th-floor window of the National Naval Medical Center. Although his death was ruled a suicide which followed a period of depression, the Navy kept the full transcript of its official hearing and final report on his death secret. It later emerged that investigators had found broken glass inside the room, on his bed.
1950 - Two Puerto Rican independence activists make a failed assassination attempt against President Truman. The surviving attacker cites the experiments of Cornelius Rhoads as additional motivation for his actions. Rhoads was an American medical doctor who admitted in a letter to performing unethical cancer experiments on Puerto Ricans. He avoided prosecution after a whitewashing campaign by the Rockefeller Foundation, but was later stripped of some accolades due to the racist contents of that letter and one other.
1951 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are put on trial for passing information on the atomic bomb to Russia. They will be executed in 1953.
1953 - The U.S. and British governments carry out Operation Ajax to overthrow the democratically elected leader of Iran, Mohammad Mosaddegh, after he nationalizes their oil industry. An absolute monarchy is placed in power.
1953 - CIA biowarfare expert Frank Olson dies after falling from a window in a New York hotel room. He had not only orchestrated CIA human experimentation projects (possibly including Project Span), but had been a subject himself, having been dosed with LSD only nine days prior.
1954 - Israel fails at an attempted false flag attack which becomes known as the Lavon Affair. Egyptian Jews recruited by Israeli army intelligence bomb Egyptian, American, and British targets and attempt to blame the explosions on Muslims and Communists. The true perpetrators, however, are caught and tried. Israel denies the incident for 51 years before Israeli President Moshe Katzav honors the surviving agents in 2005 with certificates of appreciation.
1954 - In Operation WASHTUB, the CIA plants a phony Soviet arms cache in Nicaragua in an attempt to implicate Guatemalan ties with Moscow.
1954 - The CIA carries out Operation PBSUCCESS, a military coup which overthrows Guatemalan President Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán. The coup is carried out at the urging of the United Fruit Company after Guzmán expropriates some of their idle land to distribute to peasant farmers. The coup triggers the Guatemalan Civil War which kills 140,000 to 250,000 Guatemalans.
1954 - The CIA carries out Operation PBHISTORY to gather intelligence on Latin American Communists and share said information with Anti-Communist regimes.
1956 - Radio Free Europe broadcasts a secret speech in which Nikita Khrushchev criticizes Joseph Stalin. The broadcast, along with hints of forthcoming American aid are strong factors in prompting a short-lived revolution in Hungary which is ultimately put down by Soviet forces.
1957 - With help from the CIA, the Shah of Iran establishes SAVAK, a brutal secret police which terrorizes the people of Iran for the next 22 years.
1960 - The CIA begins Operation 40, organizing groups of anti-Castro Cuban exiles and carrying out various acts of terrorism against Cuba.
1961 - The CIA establishes JMWAVE, a secret operations center to carry out anti-Castro actions. It will soon become their largest operations center outside of their headquarters in Langley, Virginia.
1961 - CIA-supported paramilitary units, backed by U.S. bombers, attempt a coup at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba but are defeated.
1961 - Following the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion, Air Force General Edward Lansdale launches Operation Mongoose (also known as Special Group Augmented or simply The Cuban Project) to wage a covert terrorism campaign against Cuba.
1961 - The Defense Intelligence Agency is formed.
1961 - Rafael Trujillo, the Dominican Republic dictator once supported by the U.S., is assassinated with help from the CIA.
1962 - Joint Chiefs Chair Lyman Lemnitzer and other top military and intelligence officials approve Operation Northwoods, a series of false flag terrorist attacks to be directed against American citizens and blamed on Cuba to justify a war. President Kennedy vetoes the plan and removes Lemnitzer from his post.
1962 - The U.S. military begins Operation Ranchhand, spraying 20 million gallons of Monsanto's Agent Orange over 500,000 acres of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. The purpose of the operation is to destroy foliage cover for enemy troops and also to destroy food crops. The toxic chemicals also cause widespread death and disease including half a million children in the area being born with birth defects. U.S. soldiers also develop numerous health problems.
1963 - President Kennedy is assassinated, allegedly by Lee Harvey Oswald. The evidence for a conspiracy led by CIA or ex-CIA personnel is too overwhelming to list here, but includes the management of Oswald by intelligence agencies, the Zapruder film which shows Kennedy being shot from both the back and the front, the deathbed confession of CIA hitman E. Howard Hunt, the numerous untimely deaths of people connected with the assassination, the official conclusion by the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations that there indeed was a conspiracy, and more.
1963 - The U.S. abandons support for South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and the CIA begins to covertly support a coup led by General Duong Van Minh. Diem and his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu are assassinated.
1964 - A CIA-backed coup overthrows democratically elected Brazilian President João Goulart. The right-wing military junta which takes power brutally suppresses political opposition while receiving substantial loans and credit from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.
1965 - Malcolm X is assassinated, likely with help from the FBI.
1965 - The CIA begins the Phoenix Program, a terrorist campaign against suspected Viet Cong civilian sympathizers. Over 26,000 are killed while some 55,000 others are captured and subjected to rape, electrocution, maulings, and other torture.
1965 - Dorothy Kilgallen, an American journalist critical of her government, dies under questionable circumstances.
1967 - Israeli fighter aircraft and torpedo boats attack the USS Liberty, killing 34 crew members and wounding 171. Israel later claims that the attack was due to mistaken identity. Many survivors insist that the attack was deliberate, possible motives being a (failed) false-flag attack to draw America into the Six Day War, or to cover up Israeli war crimes during the war.
1967 - The U.S. Military begins Operation Popeye (also known as Motorpool and Intermediary-Compatriot). It is a weather modification program which seeds clouds with silver iodide to successfully extend the monsoon season over the Ho Chi Minh trail to disrupt enemy convoys.
1967 - Bolivian Special Forces, with the aid of the CIA, capture and execute Che Guevara.
1967 - A bomb destroys Cyprus Airways Flight 284 in midair. The culprit or culprits remain unknown.
1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated, allegedly by James Earl Ray. At his trial, Ray pleads guilty to avoid the death penalty but later recants his confession. A civil jury trial in 1999 finds that government agencies are party to the assassination.
1968 - Robert F. Kennedy is assassinated. Sirhan Sirhan confesses to the murder after being arrested but claims to have no memory of the events. His defense will later claim that he was the subject of mind control, which the CIA has successfully used to create hypnotized killers since 1953. An audio recording of the shooting also seems to reveal 13 shots being fired, suggesting a second shooter since Sirhan's revolver only had eight rounds.
1969 - The U.S. Air Force begins Operation Menu, secretly carpet-bombing Laos and Cambodia. Though the attacks claim tens of thousands of lives, they are officially denied until the operation is declassified in 2000.
1969 - The National Agrarian Bank in Piazza Fontana in Milan, Italy is bombed. Although a number of inconclusive investigations and trials follow, it appears today that the attacks were carried out by far-right paramilitary elements supplied by the CIA under Operation Gladio.
1970 - FBI Agent and CIA Advisor Dan Mitrione is killed by the left-wing guerrilla organization Tupamaros in Uruguay. Mitrione had been teaching local police torture techniques in the soundproofed basement of his house, where a number of homeless men were shocked to death for practice.
1972 - Five men are arrested while breaking into the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. This blossoms into the Watergate Scandal, during which 69 government officials are charged with various crimes, and 48 convicted. Nixon will resign in two years as a result.
1972 - The Central Security Service is created for the seemingly innocuous purpose of coordinating cryptologic elements between the NSA and various branches of the armed forces. It will also serve as the operational hub for the Special Collection Service, a classified black-budget infiltration and espionage organization.
1972 - Arthur Bremer shoots and seriously injures Democratic presidential candidate George Wallace. Bremer's story inspires the movie Taxi Driver, which in turn inspires John Hinckley, Jr. in his later attempt on President Reagan's life.
1973 - A C-47 transport plane codenamed Argo 16 crashes after a bomb explodes onboard. The plane had been used for covert operations by the CIA and Italian Intelligence. Responsibility for the bombing remains unclear.
1973 - Members of a Mossad hit team are arrested and convicted in Lillehammer, Norway, after they assassinate an innocent man they believed to be an enemy target. Details of Mossad's European infrastructure as well as Israel's nuclear weapons program are exposed to Norwegian authorities, although they remain silent about the latter for another decade.
1974 - Martin Luther King, Jr.'s mother, Alberta King, is assassinated by a seemingly deranged man named Marcus Wayne Chenault. The slaying comes just months before the evidentiary hearing for James Earl Ray to determine if he will receive a new trial. The King family will later state that they believe Ray had nothing to do with MLK's murder.
1974 - With help from billionaire Howard Hughes, the CIA carries out Project Azorian, one of the most complex, expensive, and secretive Cold War operations ever to come to light. The project involves the design and construction of a unique ship to recover parts of a Soviet submarine which had sunk in the Pacific.
1975 - The Church Committee exposes numerous criminal acts by the CIA, NSA, and FBI. Innumerable documents relating to these crimes and others are shredded before they can be brought to light.
1975 - Union leader Jimmy Hoffa goes missing. Although his disappearance is never solved, it is widely believed to be related to his involvement with organized crime.
1975 - The CIA begins to collaborate with several South American countries in a widespread anti-Communist suppression and terrorism campaign known as Operation Condor.
1975 - The CIA and military intelligence begin the Stargate Project to conduct experiments in remote viewing and other psychic phenomenon, mainly through the Stanford Research Institute. Notable participants include Ingo Swann and Harold Puthoff, both top level Scientologists, as well as Andrija Puharich. Puharich is a primary figure in a UFO cult which believes it is in touch with The Nine, a group of aliens once worshiped as gods in Ancient Egypt. Perhaps not coincidentally, a film called Stargate will be released in 1994, a year before the Stargate Project officially ends. The plot of the film centers around aliens who were worshiped as gods in Ancient Egypt.
1976 - Cuban Airlines Flight 455 is destroyed by a bomb, killing 78. The bombing is carried out by CIA-linked anti-Castro Cubans with the CIA's foreknowledge.
1976 - Arizona journalist Don Bolles is killed by a car bomb. Suspects in the killing include the Mafia and certain business interests which Bolles was investigating at the time.
1976 - Orlando Letelier, a socialist politician and diplomat of the Allende administration, is assassinated in Washington, D.C by Michael Townley, an employee of the Chilean Intelligence organization DINA as well as the CIA.
1977 - U.S. and Argentinian military forces begin Operation Charly, a covert war against leftist elements in a number of Central American countries.
1978 - Army Colonel Jim Channon publishes a manual for creating psychic super soldiers based on New Age principles. He begins recruiting soldiers into a unit which he names the First Earth Battalion. A member of the Battalion named Bert Rodriguez will go on to teach hand-to-hand combat skills to alleged 9/11 hijacker Ziad Jarrah.
1979 - The CIA begins Operation Cyclone to train, arm, and finance Islamic radicals in Afghanistan.
1979 - The Iran Hostage Crisis begins, in which 52 Americans are held hostage for 444 days following a takeover of the American embassy in Iran by Islamist students and militants.
1979 - Battalion 316 is created in Honduras. With extensive training, financing, and equipping from the CIA, it will kidnap, torture, and murder hundreds of leftist activists and others.
1980 - According to numerous insiders including former Iranian President Banisadr, George Bush and other members of the Reagan team sabotage efforts by the Carter administration to secure the release of hostages in the Iran crisis. The hostages are then released minutes after Reagan is sworn into office. The Algiers Accords are signed shortly afterwards.
1980 - Following a decade of bloody conflict between U.S. and Soviet proxy forces in Turkey, top Turkish generals lead a successful coup with U.S. support, and Turkey becomes an official U.S. ally.
1980 - Oscar Romero, Archbishop of El Salvador, is assassinated. Although no one is ever officially prosecuted, it is widely believed that the assassins were members of a right-wing death squad led by former Major Roberto D'Aubuisson.
1981 - John Hinckley, Jr. attempts to assassinate President Reagan. John Hinckley, Sr. is a close family friend and major political donor to the Bush family. He is also the president of World Vision United States.
1981 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat is assassinated by dissident military officers. Several others are wounded in the attack including Vice President Hosni Mubarak, who will assume the presidency for the next thirty years.
1981 - As the assassination of Anwar Sadat is taking place, an Egyptian Army Major from the same unit responsible for the assassination is training with Green Berets at Fort Bragg in North Carolina. His name is Ali Mohamed, and over the next decade and a half he will serve as a top asset for the FBI, CIA, and Al-Qaeda.
1982 - The company Inslaw is formed from the non-profit Institute for Law and Social Research, which had been created in 1974 by former NSA analyst and CIA contractor William Hamilton. The company is primarily known for its creation of the Prosecutor's Management Information System (PROMIS), a sophisticated database management program. A contract lawsuit brought by Inslaw against the U.S. government brings to light various instances of espionage and black market deals. A journalist named Danny Casolara who is investigating these matters dies under questionable circumstances in 1991.
1983 - American and French barracks in Beirut, Lebanon are hit with truck bombs. 241 American servicemen, 58 French servicemen, six civilians, and the two suicide bombers from the Islamic Jihad Organization are killed.
1984 - The U.S. sees a major sudden surge in crack cocaine use as CIA-sponsored Contras flood the country with cheap product.
1984 - Journalist Henry Liu is assassinated by mob members reportedly trained by Chinese military intelligence.
1985 - Hezbollah is officially founded, although it has informally active for several years prior.
1985 - Members of Hezbollah hijack TWA Flight 847 over Greece.
1986 - Secret arms deals with Iran come to the public's attention in the Iran-Contra Affair. In a deal to secure the release of hostages, the Reagan administration ships weapons to Iran with help from Israel despite an arms embargo. Part of the funds from the sale are diverted to fund the right-wing Contras militias in Nicaragua. Lt. Colonel Oliver North is convicted for his involvement but the conviction is later overturned. Eleven total convictions are made but all will be pardoned in the final days of the Bush presidency.
1986 - Charlie Rogers "commits suicide" after telling family members that he feared for his life and that if anything should happen to him they should contact his attorney. Rogers had been a lover of Larry King, a rising star in the Republican party who had been accused of running a child prostitution ring catering to the rich and powerful.
1987 - Jonathan Pollard, an American civilian intelligence contractor, is found guilty of passing classified information to Israel.
1989 - A sudden, massive invasion of medflies descends on California. Scientists believe that the plague is the result of bioterrorism, and eventually an ecoterrorist group calling itself "The Breeders" claims responsibility. No one is ever arrested for the crime, however, and solid proof that this person or group was indeed responsible is never produced. Regardless, the outbreak requires an eradication program costing the state upwards of $60 million.
1990 - Meir Kahane, a Zionist rabbi and leader of the right-wing terrorist Jewish Defense League is assassinated by El Sayyid Nosair, an Egyptian-American radical trained by CIA/FBI/Green Beret/Al-Qaeda asset Ali Mohamed. Nosair will be acquitted in the killing before going on to participate in the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center.
1990 - The CIA launches Operation MIAS in an attempt to recover Stinger missiles given to the Mujahideen during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. The mission is an overwhelming failure, leaving hundreds of the weapons in the hands of Islamic warlords and militants.
1990 - A grand jury is convened to investigate charges that Larry King is running a child prostitution ring for elite clients. King is declared incompetent to stand trial while children who were prepared to testify against him are intimidated by the FBI. Investigator Gary Caradori is killed along with his eight-year-old son when their plane mysteriously breaks apart over Illinois. Various other witnesses and family members of witnesses also "commit suicide".
1991 - Occultist and historian Ioan Culianu is assassinated by parties unknown in a bathroom at the University of Chicago.
1992 - Panamanian dictator and CIA asset Manuel Noriega is tried in the U.S. for drug trafficking, racketeering, and money laundering.
1993 - The World Trade Center is bombed by Muslim extremists. The terrorists had received training from CIA and FBI asset Ali Mohamed, and were provided with explosives by FBI informant Emad Salem, who recorded himself discussing this fact with the head of the FBI New York office. Seven people are killed and over a thousand are injured.
1993 - Deputy White House Counsel Vince Foster is found dead in a park in Virginia of an apparent suicide. Limited evidence exists suggesting that he was either murdered or that he committed suicide elsewhere and his body was moved. Some of this evidence, however, may have been fabricated by political opponents of the Clintons.
1993 - Kuwaiti officials arrest a group of men allegedly plotting to assassinate former President Bush on behalf of Saddam Hussein. President Clinton orders 23 Tomahawk cruise missiles fired into Iraq in response.
1994 - Anti-abortion terrorist John Salvi shoots two receptionists and wounds five others at two Planned Parenthood clinics in Massachusetts. He is later found dead in prison with a plastic bag around his head.
1995 - The Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City is bombed. 168 people are killed and over 680 are injured. A federal investigation finds that the explosion was the result of a truck bomb left by Timothy McVeigh, with help from Terry Nichols and Michael and Lori Fortier. Bomb experts including General Benton Partin disagree, and local news footage seems to confirm that additional bombs were found inside the building. These facts, the fact that an unknown individual seen with McVeigh the day of the bombing is never found, the apparent simultaneous failure of numerous security cameras in the area of the bombing, the fortuitous absence of many federal agents from the Murrah building during the bombing, and many other anomalous facts suggest that the official story of the attack cannot be true.
1995 - A series of terrorist attacks known as the Bonjinka Plot are disrupted. Part of the plot includes a plan to fly a plane into the headquarters of the CIA.
1995 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by Yigal Amir, a right-wing Israeli radical. Amir had been encouraged to carry out the assassination by Avishai Raviv, an agent provocateur working for Shin Bet.
1996 - The Centennial Olympic Park in Georgia is bombed during the Summer Olympics by anti-gay and anti-abortion terrorist Eric Rudolph. It is the first of four bombings he will carry out, which will ultimately kill two people and injure at least 150 others.
1996 - The Khobar Towers complex in Saudi Arabia, while being used as barracks for U.S. troops, is bombed. 19 Air Force Personnel are killed and 372 other people are injured. Saudi, Iranian, and Al-Qaeda militants have variously been blamed for the attack.
1997 - Princess Diana is killed in a car crash in Paris. Numerous accusations of a conspiracy to murder her have arisen, notably from Egyptian billionaire Mohamed Al-Fayed. Al-Fayed is the father of Dodi Fayed, Diana's boyfriend who was also killed in the crash.
1997 - The United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, a right-wing paramilitary group, use chainsaws and machetes to butcher around 30 civilians in Mapiripán, Colombia. Leaders of the death squad were trained to target civilian supporters of insurgent groups at the School of the Americas.
1998 - American embassies in Tanzania and Kenya are bombed, killing 224 and injuring over 4,000. Al-Qaeda and the Egyptian Islamic Jihad are blamed, although some of the bombers received training from CIA/FBI asset and Green Beret Ali Mohamed.
1998 - Two students in Columbine, Colorado carry out the deadliest high school massacre in American history. They kill 13 and injure 21 more before ending their own lives.
1999 - The U.S. begins Plan Colombia, a massive military and economic aid program to Colombia, despite laws against providing military aid to governments with severe human rights abuse records. The plan is supposedly aimed at combating the drug trade, but both the volume and profits from Colombian cocaine trafficking only increase after the plan is implemented. Part of the plan involves DynCorp mercenaries dusting the countryside with a super-strength version of Monsanto's Roundup to destroy coca crops. The dusting also destroys the food crops of many peasants while causing numerous health problems and is often centered around Colombia's many oil pipelines, which supply a great deal of oil to America, and in which soon-to-be President Bush is heavily invested. Meanwhile, newly armed and supplied right-wing death squads continue to terrorize the population.
1999 - Two whistle-blowers independently reveal that DynCorp is involved in sex trafficking in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1999 - John F. Kennedy, Jr. dies in a plane crash along with his wife and her sister. Although Kennedy was a competent pilot, his last radio communications were calm, and radar indicates that he was flying at the proper altitude and speed, news reports citing "unnamed sources" immediately spring up spreading misinformation about these and other facts relating to the crash.